Before moving to Korea, it would be helpful to know brief information about Korea. We would like to provide you with some information about land, administrative division, language, national flag and national flower. We hope following brief information about Korea is useful for you.

Land

The Korean Peninsula extends southward from the eastern end of the Asian continent. It is roughly 1,000km (621 miles) long and 216km (134 miles) wide at its narrowest point. Surprisingly Mountains cover 70% of the land, making Korea one of the most mountainous regions in the world. As a result, many people in Korea enjoy hiking. The mountain range that stretches along the east coast falls steeply into the East Sea. Along the south and west coasts, the mountains descend gradually to the coastal plains that produce the bulk of Korea’s agricultural crops, especially rice. If you would like to get some travel information about east side of Korea, please look into our other post here: Travel to East Side of Korea.

Korea Map

Administrative Division

Korean peninsula is divided just slightly north of the 38th parallel. The Republic of Korea in the south and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea in the north are separated by the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ). The division between south and north is a tragic history for Korean. Many foreign tourists are visiting the DMZ. If you need a private tour to DMZ, please contact us through this website: Private Tour. The Republic of Korea consists of the capital city of Seoul. There are six metropolitan cities: Busan, Daegu, Incheon, Gwangju, Daejeon and Ulsan, and 74 cities (“si” in Korean) and 84 countries (“gun” in Korean).

Language

“Hangeul” (the Korean alphabet) is composed of ten simple vowels and 14 consonants. A group of scholars under the patronage of King Sejong the Great developed this systematic rendition of spoken sound in 1443. UNESCO registered “Hunminjeongeum”, a historical document which provides instructions to educate people on the use of hangeul, as a World Heritage. In addition, UNESCO awards the “King Sejong Literacy Prize” every year in memory of the inventor of hangeul. It will not be difficult to find a private Korean tutor or institution in Korea if you would like to learn Korean including Hangeul.

National Flag

Korean national flag is “Taegeukgi” in Korean. The design symbolizes the principles of the yin and yang forces in Asian philosophy. Therefore, the red and blue halves of the circle respectively represent the proactive cosmic forces of the yang and yin. Then, the two forces together embody the concepts of continual movement, balance and harmony that characterize the sphere of infinity. Finally, The trigrams on each corner of the rectangular flag symbolize heaven, earth, water and fire.

Korean flag

National Flower

National flower in Korea is “Mugunghwa”. Every year from July to October, a profusion of mugunghwa blossoms grace the entire country. Unlike most flowers, the mugunghwa is remarkably tenacious and able to withstand both blight and insects. The flower’s symbolic significance stems from the Korean word “mugung”. It means immortality. Therefore, mugunghwa reflects the enduring nature of the Korean culture along with the determination and perseverance of its people.

Korean national flower

Fast Facts

  • Official Name: Republic of Korea (South Korea)

  • Capital City: Seoul

  • Territory: 100,188 square kilometers

  • Population: approximately 50 million

  • Economic Status: GDP US dollar 1.6194 trillion (2018)

  • Climate: Continental and monsoonal climate with four distinct seasons

  • Time Zone: GMT +9

  • Monetary Unit: Korean Won

  • Units of Measure: Metric system

  • Electricity: 220V

  • Driving: On the right